Greek mythology has been linked to psychology since its origins. Mythology is formed by the set of myths and legends about gods and heroes. It also explains the nature and origins of the world and the meaning of its cults and ritual practices.
The myths explained psychological models, which were used to explain conflicts, fears and behavior patterns. Thus, for example, it was believed that mental disorders were produced by the divine punishments of various gods.
Psychology in its origins found in Greek mythology the material to know the structure and order of people's psychic life. Today we can find its influence in different areas of psychology, for example in syndromes, complexes and phobias. There are different complexes in Greek mythology, these complexes are formed with ideas, cognitions that have been structured as foundations in different processes of integration of thought and learning.
The myths related to the use, abuse and addiction to psychotropic and other substances are very different, their great variety and extension transmit a very remarkable non-educational transcendence in society, so the vision must be changed to offer a preventive and even therapeutic awareness of the problems of addiction.
Phobia is a term derived from Phobos "panic". In Greek mythology Phobos, son of Ares and Aphrodite, represented the personification of fear. Phobia refers to an intense, persistent and disproportionate fear of situations, objects or other activities. The different phobias have prefixes with Greek words, some of them are:
- Ablutophobia: fear of washing or bathing.
- Acluophobia: being afraid of the dark.
- Agatophobia or maniaphobia: fear of madness or going mad.
- Agoraphobia: being afraid of open places, of places with many people. Fear of any place where the person feels that it is not possible to escape immediately.3
Psychology finds its basis and examples in mythological stories. This explains the scientific concepts that talk about the mental processes, feelings and behaviour of human beings.